Why Is Cork Underlayment Important During Flooring?}

Why Is Cork Underlayment Important During Flooring?


Vikram Kumar

Cork flooring is one of the greenest natures miracles on our floors. It is made and designed from natural ingredients and has become a popular underlayment that help to reduce sound and thermal efficiency. This is because cork is highly versatile, sustainable and beautiful. Cork underlayment come in rolls of 1/8 to 1/4 thick or 1/2 thick. A natural material is very effective for sound control. Underlayment with cork has continued to be very sustainable since it is renewable and biodegradable. It is also very healthy on laminate floors and this has made it to be a choice for many flooring varieties.

Cork underlayment is a product of choice that is put beneath ceramic tile, hardwood flooring, carpeting, laminate floors, stone, marble, porcelain tile in addition to any other solid surface floors in apartments and condominiums. Natural cork is an outstanding sound barrier in any type of flooring. Besides being environmentally friendly, it is a healthy flooring choice. This is because it contributes in creating a healthy indoor air quality.

What Is Laminate Flooring?

Laminate flooring is a multi-layer synthetic flooring product incorporated during the lamination process. It actually simulates wood or stone. It is Sometimes called floating wood flooring in the United States. Laminate Flooring has rapidly gained popularity due to ease of installation and maintenance as compared to many traditional wood surfaces. It requires less installation skills than any alternative flooring material.

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After installation, it is important to care for your laminate floor through constant cleaning, since dust, dirt, sand particles may cause scratch on the laminate surface, and this will not look cool. Keep your laminate floor dry to avoid swell due to water planks. Water spills will not be a big problem if wiped quickly. Using underlayment material as cork and laminate material on the surface will make your floor to be strong, attractive and durable.

What Are The Benefits Of Cork Underlayment On Floors?

Do you need something totally renewable, biodegradable and far more sustainable for your underlayment? Cork is an excellent underlayment of choice for many houses for variety of floor coverings. Many condos and apartments require 1/4 or 1/2″ cork underlayment in beneath the flooring material. It is moisture resistant, mildew and mold resistant not to forget the fact that it does not compress overtime. It is stable. It contains millions of air pockets, which enhances cushiony properties. Cork underlayment can be installed professionally beneath your flooring material and will provide the following.

It reduces sound transmission from both the surface as well as through the floor to the living space above and below

Natural cork increases the effectiveness of under floor heating systems and acts as crack isolation membrane, which resists transfer of stress cracks.

It helps to repel insects, pests, termites and mites in your room

Cork contributes to creating a healthy indoor air quality

It is highly renewable and eco friendly

Underlayment with cork is only possible below the flooring surface. This underlayment is not recommended as a flooring surface or on top of floors.


Corks Underlayment

is a natural thermal and acoustic insulator and which minimizes sound transmission from ceiling to floor.

Laminate flooring

is very effective for sound control, has been independently tested according to ASTM standards for acoustic values, and is effective as thermal insulation barrier.

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Why Is Cork Underlayment Important During Flooring?}

Gastric bypass surgery performed by remote control

Sunday, August 21, 2005

A robotic system at Stanford Medical Center was used to perform a laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery successfully with a theoretically similar rate of complications to that seen in standard operations. However, as there were only 10 people in the experimental group (and another 10 in the control group), this is not a statistically significant sample.

If this surgical procedure is as successful in large-scale studies, it may lead the way for the use of robotic surgery in even more delicate procedures, such as heart surgery. Note that this is not a fully automated system, as a human doctor controls the operation via remote control. Laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery is a treatment for obesity.

There were concerns that doctors, in the future, might only be trained in the remote control procedure. Ronald G. Latimer, M.D., of Santa Barbara, CA, warned “The fact that surgeons may have to open the patient or might actually need to revert to standard laparoscopic techniques demands that this basic training be a requirement before a robot is purchased. Robots do malfunction, so a backup system is imperative. We should not be seduced to buy this instrument to train surgeons if they are not able to do the primary operations themselves.”

There are precedents for just such a problem occurring. A previous “new technology”, the electrocardiogram (ECG), has lead to a lack of basic education on the older technology, the stethoscope. As a result, many heart conditions now go undiagnosed, especially in children and others who rarely undergo an ECG procedure.

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Highway billboard gives Moscow drivers an unexpected show

Tuesday, January 19, 2010

Drivers in the Russian capital, Moscow, were given an unexpected show courtesy of a 30-by-20 foot electronic highway billboard when an explicit pornographic video was played for nearly twenty minutes in place of the paid advertisement clips that are usually shown. The incident happened near the entrance into Serpukovskiy tunnel on Sadovoe Ring Road, about 2 kilometers south of the Kremlin.

“Within three minutes we found it out, and within fifteen minutes the screen was shut off,” the deputy head of the Moscow city advertising committee, Alexander Menchuk, said in a statement to Interfax. A passerby told the Associated Press that she was “so shocked that I couldn’t even shoot video or take a picture of it.”

The display screen’s owner, the Three Stars Advertising Agency of Panno.ru, said that computer hackers attempting to execute a practical joke were likely to blame. Viktor Laptev, commercial director for the firm said, “They were either acting out of hooliganism or were from a rival company.”

Although a city official has been quoted as telling local media that Moscow would increase security of data transmission in light of what happened, local police say they have yet to receive a single complaint about the incident, and thereby have not opened an investigation. Nudity on television is officially banned in Russia.

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Rajasthan India: India’s Unthinkable Charm

Submitted by: Arushi Sharma

It is a patrimony continent well known across the globe for its blended charm of nature and culture. It is a multicolored land which provides people a chance to spend memorable holidays. It is the state of wavelet sand dunes, majestic palaces, captivating forts, diverse culture, vibrant fairs and festivals. There are millions of visitors from across the globe comes here to feel the leftover royalty of royal dynasties who ruled this place for centuries. For each one allurement of Rajasthan have its own charm and glory but the famous tourist destinations of this place are:

Some of the must visit attraction on Rajasthan tours and travels are


It is curled up in short hills of Aravali range. It is situated in between Delhi and Jaipur and is cher place to visit. This destination is one of the best place for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. It is popular for wonderful lakes, verdant forest and many other attractions. Bhangarh Fort is one of the most visited as a spirit places in India. It is a devastate fort still worth visiting site. Slilserh Lake is settled in fortunate forested Aravali hills making the landscape very stunning. There are several roving birds visit this lake. It is one of the best destination for birding. Some of the popular attraction sites are:

1. Slilserh Lake

2. Bhartihari Temple

3. Bala Quila

4. Bhangarh Fort

5. Ajabgarh Fort

6. Moosi Maharani ki Chhatri

7. Sariska Tiger Reserve

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Handicrafts of Rajasthan:

It is globally popular for its beautiful handicraft products. Handicrafts of Rajasthan are the model of complex art of Rajasthan. The adorableness and feature of the products are unique. These Handicrafts are the indication of the rich cultural heritage of state. A person, who visits to this state, must buy some handicraft items for their sweet memories. Some most famous handiwork items are:

1. Jewelry,

2. Wooden Furniture

3. Carpets

4. Paintings

5. Blue Pottery

6. marble statues

Jaisalmer: The Golden City of India

It is one of remarked tourist destination in India. This city is situated in the enthusiastic of the vast Thar Desert. It charms a millions number of tourists and vacationers from all over the world. This golden city is also a common place from where you can go on desert expedition. People can take pleasure in camel safari to explore rippling sand dunes of the Thar Desert. Tourists should visit this beautiful desert town if you truly want to enjoy the charm of golden sand tour in Rajasthan. The Golden Fort is reputed as the Sonar Kila and the most famed and must visit attraction of this city. It has many Jain temples and havelis. There are some famous havelis in the city you will love to see.

1. Salim-Singh-Ki-Haveli,

2. Nathmalji-Ki-Haveli

3. Patwon-Ki-Haveli

Sariska Tiger Reserve

It is in Rajasthan, and one of the most sought reserve in entire North India. There are numerous attractions of this reserve like:

1. Bengal tigers,

2. Leopards

3. jungle cats

4. golden jackals

5. striped hyenas

6. sambars

7. nilgai

8. hanuman langurs

9. chinkara

10. four-horned antelopes

11. wild boa

12. wild dogs

13. hare, birds

14. reptiles

The commemorated bequest, oldest culture, scenic vistas, unending stretch of sand and supreme architectural beauty makes Rajasthan trip incredible.

About the Author: Arushi Sharma has deep interest in writing informative articles on Travel and Tourism India. Also given her words to a portal for Map Rajasthan India where one can find info on Rajasthan India. Explore: –




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ISS Expedition 10 returns to Earth

Monday, April 25, 2005

With two space walks, 78 million miles and six months on board the International Space Station under their belts, Commander-Science Officer Leroy Chiao and Flight Engineer Salizhan Sharipov, the station’s 10th crew, landed in Kazakhstan in a Soyuz spacecraft at 6:08 p.m. EDT Sunday.

Also returning was European Space Agency Astronaut Roberto Vittori of Italy, who launched to the Station with the Expedition 11 crew and spent eight days doing experiments. He was aboard under a contract between ESA and the Russian Federal Space Agency.

The re-entry of the ISS Soyuz 9 spacecraft was perfect, returning the astronauts to Earth 53 miles northeast of the town of Arkalyk after 192 days, 19 hours and 2 minutes in space for the Expedition 10 crew. The recovery team reached the capsule in minutes.

They launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan last Oct. 13 at 11:06 p.m. EDT. During their increment they performed two spacewalks, continued station maintenance and did scientific experiments.

Notable accomplishments included replacing critical hardware in the Joint Quest Airlock; repairing U.S. spacesuits; and submitting a scientific research paper on ultrasound use in space. Chiao was also the first astronaut to vote in the U.S. Presidential election from space. The crew completed two spacewalks, including experiment installation and tasks to prepare the Station for the arrival of the new European Automated Transfer Vehicle next year.

Aboard the Station, Commander Sergei Krikalev and Flight Engineer and NASA Station Science Officer John Phillips, the Expedition 11 crew, are beginning a six-month mission. It will include the resumption of Space Shuttle flights and two spacewalks from the Station. Expedition 11 is scheduled to return to Earth on October 7, 2005. The two latest occupants of the station launched with Vittori from Baikonur April 14.

Krikalev and Phillips will have light duty for the next two days, as they rest after completing a busy handover period. For the past week, they have been learning about Station operations from the two men who called the ship home since October. Chiao and Sharipov briefed Krikalev and Phillips on day-to-day operations and gave them hands-on opportunities at Station maintenance. Chiao and Phillips restored the Quest airlock to working order for future spacewalks and practiced operating the Canadarm2 robotic arm.

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Heatwave sweeps USA, many struggling to keep cool

Tuesday, July 18, 2006

Temperatures as high as 111°F (48°C) have hit the United States today, a continuation of Monday’s triple-digit (Fahrenheit) record highs in some areas.

High energy costs have many elderly and low income citizens keeping the air conditioning off, fixed incomes being blamed in many cases. In response to this, cities such as Chicago and New York have turned some public facilities into “cooling areas” for the duration. Buildings being converted include homeless shelters, senior centers, libraries and shopping malls. State agencies are urging anyone experiencing heat related symptoms to get to one of these places as soon as possible.

Early reports are attributing at least three dead from heat related complications in Philadelphia, Arkansas, and Indiana

The National Weather Service has issued Red Flag warnings for six states, warning that the heat could easily lead to forest fires. Much of the northeast corridor and central plains states have been issued heat warnings.

Relief is in sight for the northeast, with storms bringing cooler weather from the Ohio Valley through New England; however the central part of the US won’t see a break in the heat until the weekend.

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Runaway train causes chaos on London Underground

Monday, August 16, 2010

A London Underground engineering train ran away and travelled four miles on the Underground’s Northern Line early on Friday morning, resulting in part of the Northern Line, which carries 500,000 passengers daily, being closed for much of the day. The runaway train apparently had an engineering defect.

The London Underground, also known as the Tube, reported that the engineering train had been working on the High Barnet branch of the Northern Line when it broke down at 5.25 a.m. BST (0425 UTC). It was attached to an out-of-service passenger train to be dragged northwards when, for reasons which are being investigated by the Rail Accident Investigation Branch, it broke free near Archway station at 6.44 a.m. and started rolling southwards. The train ran through six stations before it was finally brought to a halt by a slight incline in the track at Warren Street at 6.57 a.m.

Passenger Tom Redfern, on the preceding train at Archway, described what happened to the BBC: “As soon as we pulled away the driver came on the tannoy and said, ‘There is an emergency, will everyone move towards the front of the train’. There was a ripple of panic. I went from half asleep to a big adrenaline rush. I thought, ‘Is this it?'”

The passenger train was rerouted onto the City Branch of the Northern Line, and bypassed all stations until Moorgate in an attempt to keep ahead of the runaway, while the runaway was routed down the Charing Cross Branch.

Mr Redfern said: “We went full speed. We knew the situation was dangerous because we were going fast. Even by the driver’s voice, we could tell it was serious.”

London Underground director Richard Parry said that at no time was the runaway closer than 1 kilometre (0.6 miles) to a passenger train. Service was suspended between Finchley Central and Archway, and between Camden Town and Kennington via Charing Cross, while investigations into the cause of the runaway took place.

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Meditation: The Best Remedy For High Blood Pressure

By Dada Vedaprajinananda

I had a routine physical examination recently and the doctor was impressed with my blood pressure. Why? Because it was not too high like it is in many of the other people she sees every day. When she learned that I was a vegetarian, she became interested, making a connection between vegetarianism and controlled blood pressure.

But the real secret for my good showing on the blood pressure examination has as much to do with meditation, as it does with my vegetarian diet. Meditation is the best remedy, the best ‘medicine’ for high blood pressure and heart disease, and I haven’t missed a day in the last 37 years.

Why is meditation so effective against one of the biggest health problems of today? Meditation de-stresses a person. Stress is one of the biggest causes of hypertension, and it is a part of everyday life that everyone has to face.

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Our ancestors, the proto-human beings who lived thousands of years ago, mainly had physical challenges to deal with. If they saw a large predator, then danger messages were sent to their brains, and then more messages went to the rest of their bodies. Their bodies were made ready to either fight or flee.

Scientists call this a ‘fight or flight’ reflex. The heart starts beating faster, the blood pressure increases, hormones are secreted. It is a useful reaction when you have to deal with a saber-tooth tiger, but what about when you face your boss at work?

When we are upset by someone at work or in society, danger signals are also sent to our brain and our heart starts beating faster and our blood pressure rises. However, we don’t usually run away and we usually don’t start fighting physically. We hold it all in, perhaps showing a smile on the outside. If this is kept up all day, the stress builds and if it continues over a long time it can damage our heart.

If you were to withdraw yourself completely from society you might be able to escape the stress, but this is not an option for most of us. However, it is possible to ‘withdraw’ yourself two times a day and sit in meditation.

In fact, one of the important aspects of meditation is that it is a form of sense withdrawal. You sit quietly and follow instructions that will help you to forget the world around you and focus on an inner peace that is inside of you. When you become adept at this technique it relieves stress and is just as effective as going away to the top of a forested mountain or sitting alone on a sandy beach.

Meditation also helps you to slow down your breathing. Our mind is directly related to our breathing. When we are agitated or in distress we will take short quick breaths. When we are relaxed or concentrated then our breathing slows down and becomes deeper as well. Proper meditation helps to calm the mind and slow down the breathing. This combination of sense withdrawal and slow, deep breathing works wonders. Try and it one day you too will impress your physician with a healthy blood pressure reading.

About the Author: Dada Vedaprajinananda is a senior teacher with the Ananda Marga


society. He is the author of

Start Meditation, Stop Smoking

and Yoga Weight Loss Secrets.



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NHL: Penguins to remain in Pittsburgh

Tuesday, March 13, 2007

Pennsylvania governor Ed Rendell announced Tuesday morning that a deal had been struck between state and local officials and the Pittsburgh Penguins hockey franchise. The Penguins organization will formally announce the deal tonight, prior to the Penguins game against the Buffalo Sabres at the Mellon Arena. The deal will ensure that the Penguins will remain in the city with a 30 year lease on a new arena to be built in downtown Pittsburgh. The framework of the deal was constructed in an emergency meeting last Thursday in Philadelphia, when both government and franchise officials indicated that progress had been made, with the details laid out over the weekend. With the new deal, the Penguins organization would be expected to pay $3.8 million per year, as well as $7.5 million per year from both Don Barden, owner of Majestic Star Casino, and the state economic development fund. The Penguins organization has also been given the option of building a parking garage on property of the Pittsburgh Sports Authority between Centre and Fifth avenues, by contributing $500,000 per year.

The new arena is expected to cost approximately $290 million, and should be completed and ready to host hockey games by 2009. The Penguins will sign a temporary lease to keep the team at Mellon Arena until the new building is finished.

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Vestas Cowes rooftop occupiers: “Save the environment, scuttle a NIMBY”

Friday, August 7, 2009

Five activists have installed themselves on the rooftop of Vestas Wind System‘s Venture Quays factory in Cowes, Isle of Wight, England, in support of the Vestas employees.

The five — four of whom are members of the Climate Camp which has set up in the Isle of Wight — scaled the Cowes plant, which is located about five miles (8 kilometres) north of Vestas’s main Isle of Wight plant in Newport, on August 4 and have been camping on the rooftop ever since.

Martin Shaw, a self-described “environmental anarcho-syndicalist” on the roof of Vestas Venture Quays, spoke with Wikinews. He reports that while none of the five rooftop occupiers are Vestas employees, but instead consist of one RMT member and four Climate Camp members, factory employees “instigated this action” and had intended to occupy the roof themselves, but Shaw and the other four, as experienced climbers, had the technical ability and experience to accomplish the task.

While on the roof, the five are living in tents and washing in rainwater heated by the sun in black plastic bags. Food is sent up on ropes from members of the local community; unlike at Vestas Newport, the police and security are not restricting the bringing in of food and drink.

While Shaw notes that the stand of the anarcho-syndicalists on the best fate of Vestas does not exactly match that of the workers, who have called for nationalisation of the plant, “whatever their demands are are our demands”.

The central message of the rooftop protest, Shaw related, is opposition to NIMBYism. “I personally have got some sympathy with Vestas”, Shaw noted, accusing the Isle of Wight’s MP, Andrew Turner, of on the one hand saying he supported the Vestas workers but on the other hand campaigning against wind farms being built on the island. “Local opposition is stopping wind turbines being built in this country”, stated Shaw. The occupiers plan to unveil a banner tonight on the roof of the Vestas plant reading: “Save the environment, scuttle a NIMBY”.

The problem, he went on to say, is Europe-wide. The upcoming Copenhagen Climate Summit, Shaw accuses, will be a “business summit rather than an environmental summit”.

The Vestas Cowes occupiers plan to stay on the factory roof “until the workers want us to come down”. If the police come to remove them, as happened earlier today at Vestas’s Newport plant, the five occupiers say they will resist “determinedly and creatively” but offered no details. Shaw says that while they won’t use violence to resist the police, “we will defend ourselves”.

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